Abbreviations and Acronyms

List of Abbreviations and Acronyms related to Climate Research

A


ABLAtmospheric Boundary Layer
ACAMAtmospheric Composition and the Asian Monsoon
ACPCAerosols, Clouds, Precipitation and Climate Initiative (iLEAPS/GEWEX/IGAC)
AGPIAdjusted GOES Precipitation Index
AGUAmerican Geophysical Union
AIRSAtmospheric Infrared Sounder
A.K.A.Also known as
ALMIP2AMMA Land surface Model Intercomparison Project – Phase 2
A.M.AAsk me anything
AMMAAfrican Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis Project
AMOCAtlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
AMSAmerican Meteorological Society
AMSRAdvanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer
AMSR-EEOS Advanced Scanning Microwave Radiometer
AMSU-A(B)Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit A(B)
AMYAsian Monsoon Years
ANDEXHydroclimate Research Program for the Andes
AOGSAsia Oceania Geosciences Society
AOSARM’s Aerosol Observing System
APNAsia Pacific Network
AR4IPCC Assessment Report 4
ARTMIPAtmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project
AsiaPEXAsian Precipitation Experiment, A follow-on activity to MAHASRI
ASTERAdvanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
ATCAtmospheric Temperature Changes
A-TrainSeveral Earth-observing satellites that closely follow one another along the same (or very similar) orbital “track”, operated by NASA and its international partners
AVHRRAdvanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

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B


BACCBALTEX Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin
BALTEXBaltic Sea Experiment
BfGFederal Institute of Hydrology
BOMBureau of Meteorology (Australia)
BSRNBaseline Surface Radiation Network
BSSSCBaltic Sea States Subregional Co-operation

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C


CALIPSOCloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation
CAMSClimate Anomaly Monitoring System
CASChinese Academy of Sciences
CAS (WMO)WMO Commission for Atmospheric Sciences
CASCADECalibrated and Systematic Characterization, Attribution, and Detection of Extremes project
CAUSESClouds Above the United States and Errors at the Surface
CCIClimate Change Initiative (ESA)
CCRNChanging Cold Regions Network
CEHCenter for Ecology & Hydrology
CEOPObservations Project (previously Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period)
CEOSCommittee on Earth Observation Satellites
CESMCommunity Earth System Model
CFMIPCloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project
CFSClimate Forecast System
CFSRNCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis
CGILSCFMIP-GASS Intercomparison of LES and SCMs
CGMSCoordination Group for Meteorological Satellites
CIEHLYCCommunity for spatial and hydrological information in Latin America and the Caribbean
CIRCContinual Intercomparison of Radiation Codes
CIRSComposite Infrared Spectrometer
CLASPCoupling of Land and Atmospheric Subgrid Parameterizations
CLiCClimate and Cryosphere Project (WCRP Core Project)
CLIVARClimate Variability and Predictability Project (WCRP Core Project)
CLMCommunity Land Model
CMAChinese Meteorological Administration
CMAPCPC Merged Analysis of Precipitation
CMIPClimate Model Intercomparison Project
CMIP (GEWEX)Cirrus Model Intercomparison Project
CMORPHCPC Morphing technique
CNESThe National Centre for Space Studies
COLAThe Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies
COMBLECold-Air Outbreaks in the Marine Boundary Layer Experiment
CONAEComision Nacional De Actividades Espaciales (Argentina National Space Agency)
COORDECOnstraining ORographic Drag Effect
CORDEXCoordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment
CPCNWS Climate Prediction Center
CPPAClimate Prediction Program for the Americas
CPTECWeather Forecast and Climate Studies Centre (of INPE, Brazil)
CRMCloud-Resolving Modeling
CRUClimate Research Unit
CSACanadian Space Agency
CSEContinental Scale Experiment
CSIROCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
CWEXClimate Water Energy Exchanges
CSTConvective Stratiform Technique

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D


DAACDistributed Active Archive Centers
DFRDual Frequency Radar
DIASDynamic Information Architecture System
DLRGerman Aerospace Center
DMSPDefense Meteorological Satellite Program
DMWGData Management Working Group
DOCDepartment of Commerce, USA
DODDepartment of Defense, USA
DOEDepartment of Energy, USA
DOE-ARMAtmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program of the US Department of Energy, USA
DPRDual Frequency Precipitation Radar
DRIDrought Research Initiative
DWDDeutscher Wetterdienst (German Weather Service)

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E


E3SMEnergy Exascale Earth System Model
EarthCAREESA’s Cloud, Aerosol and Radiation Explorer mission
ECEnvironment Canada
ECEuropean Commission
ECMWFEuropean Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts
ECREarly Career Researcher
ECSEarly Career Scientist
ECVEssential Climate Variables
EDREnvironmental Data Record
EEIEarths Energy Imbalance
EFASEuropean Flood Awareness System
EGUEuropean Geosciences Union
EMCEnvironmental Modeling Center (NOAA)
ENSOEL Niño – Southern Oscillation
EOFEmpirical Orthogonal Function
EOSNASA Earth Observing System
EPSEUMETSAT Polar System
ERA-IECMWF Interim Reanalysis
ESAEuropean Space Agency
ESDEmpirical Statistical Downscaling
ESFEuropean Science Foundation
ESGFEarth System Grid Federation
ESMEarth System Model
ESMOEarth System Modelling and Observations WCRP Core Project
ESPEnsemble Streamflow Prediction
ESSPEarth System Science Partnership
EUMETSATEuropean Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
EUREC4AThe EUREC4A Field Study is an international initiative in support of the WCRP’s Grand Science Challenge on Clouds, Circulation and Climate Sensitivity
Ev-K2-CNREverest-K2 National Research Council

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F


FAMEFramework for Atmospheric Model Enhancement
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the UN
FCDRFundamental Climate Data Records
FESSTVaLField Experiment on submesoscale spatio-temporal variability in Lindenberg
FIFEFirst ISLSCP (International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project) Field Experiment
FNMOCFleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center

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G


GABLSGEWEX Atmospheric Boundary Layer Study
GACPGlobal Aerosol Climatology Projectv
GAMEGEWEX Asian Monsoon Experiment (ended 2005)
GAPGEWEX Aerosol Precipitation
GASSGlobal Atmospheric System Studies – GEWEX Panel
GAWGlobal Atmosphere Watch
GCIPGEWEX Continental Scale International Project
GCMGeneral Circulation Models
GCMGlobal Climate Model
GCOSGlobal Climate Observing System
GCSSGEWEX Cloud System Study
GDAPGEWEX Data and Analysis Panel – GEWEX Panel
GEOGroup on Earth Observations
GEOSSGlobal Earth Observing System of Systems
GEWEXGlobal Energy and Water Exchanges (WCRP Core Project)
GFCSGlobal Framework fo Climate Service
GFDLGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA)
GFSGlobal Forecast System
GHCNGlobal Historical Climate Network
GHPGEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel – GEWEX Panel
GHzGiga Hertz
GISSGoddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA)
GLACEGlobal Land Atmospheric Coupling Experiment
GLAFOGEWEX Land-Atmosphere Feedback Observatory
GLASSGlobal Land Atmosphere System Study – GEWEX Panel
GLDASGlobal Land Data Assimilation System
GLEAMGlobal Land Evaporation Amsterdam Model
GloFASGlobal Flood Awareness System
GMIGPM Microwave Imager
GMPPGEWEX Modeling and Prediction Panel
GOESGeostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
GPCCGlobal Precipitation Climatology Centre
GPCPGlobal precipitation Climatology Project
GPeXWCRP Global Precipitation EXperiment (GPEX
GPIGOES Precipitation Index
GPMGlobal Precipitation Measurement
GPROFGoddard Profiling Algorithm
GPUGraphics Processing Unit
GRACEGravity Recovery and Climate 
GRDCGlobal Runoff Data Center
GRPGEWEX Radiation Panel
GSFCGoddard Space Flight Center
GSICSGlobal Space-based Inter-Calibration System
GSMaPGlobal Satellite Mapping of Precipitation (JAXA)
GSRASee ICCP-GSRA
GSWPGlobal Soil Wetness Project
GSWP3Global Soil Wetness Project 3
GTSGlobal Telecommunications System
GWFGlobal Water Futures
GWSPGlobal Water System Project (ESSP Joint Project)

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H


HAPHydrological Application Project
HEHigh Elevation Working Group
HELCOMHelsinki Commission – Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
HEPEXHydrological Ensemble Prediction Experiment
HIRSHigh resolution Infrared Sounder
HKKHHindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya region
HWSHydrology and Watershed Systems
HYDRO-TEPHydrology Thematic Exploitation Platform
HYDROLAIREInternational Data Centre on Hydrology of Lakes and Reservoirs
HyMeXHYdrological cycle in the Mediterranean Experiment

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I


IAHSInternational Association of Hydrological Sciences
IAIInter Americas Institute
IASIInfrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer
ICCP-GSRAInternational Core-to-Core Project on Global Storm Resolving Analysis
ICSUInternational Council of Scientific Unions
ICTPInternational Centre for Theoretical Physics
ICWRGCInternational Centre for Water Resources and Global Change
IFFAInteractive Flash Flood Analyzer
IGACInternational Global Atmospheric Chemistry
IGBPInternational Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
IGFAInternational Group of Funding Agencies
IGOS-PIntegrated Global Observing Strategy – Partnership
IGPOInternational GEWEX Project Office
IGWCO CoPIntegrated Global Water Cycle Observations Community of Practice
IHDPInternational Human Dimension Programme on Global Environmental Change
IHPInternational Hydrology Programme
IJPSInitial Joint Polar-Orbiting Operational Satellite System
ILAMBInternational Land Model Benchmarking
ILEAPSIntegrated Land Ecosystem-Atmospheric Processes Study
ILSTSS2SImpact of Initialized Land Temperature and Snowpack on Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction (renamed to LS4P)
iMERGthe Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for GPM, a unified satellite precipitation product produced by NASA to estimate surface precipitation over most of the globe.
INARCHThe international Network for Alpine Research Catchment Hydrology
INPEBrazilian Institute for Space Research
INTENSEINTElligent use of climate models for adaptatioN to non-Stationary hydrological Extremes
IORPCLIVAR/IOC-GOOS Indian Ocean Regional Panel
IPCCIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPOtri-agency Integrated Program Office of DoC, DoD, and NASA
IPWGInternational Precipitation Working Group
IRInfrared
IRDRIntegrated Research on Disaster Risk
IRIInternational Research Institute
ISCInternational Science Council
ISCCPInternational Satellite Cloud Climatology Project
ISCCP-NGInternational Satellite Cloud Climatology Project – Next Generation
ISIMIPInter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project
ISLSCPInternational Satellite Land-Surface Climatology Project
ISMCInternational Soil Modelling Consortium
ISMNInternational Soil Moisture Network
ISROIndian Space Research Organisation
ISSInternational Space Station
ISSIInternational Space Science Institute
ITCZInter-Tropical Convergence Zone
IWCGInteragency Integrated Water Cycle Group, USA
IWPIce Water Path
IWRMIntegrated Water Resources Management

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J


JAMSTECJapan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
JAXAJapanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
JMAJapan Meteorological Agency
JPLJet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA)
JPSSJoint Polar Satellite System
JRA-25Japanese Meteorological Agency 25 year reanalysis
JSCWMO/ICSU/IOC Joint Scientific Committee (for WCRP)

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K


KLMsee NOAA KLM
KNMIKoninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute)

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L


LAFEThe Land-Atmosphere Feedback Experiment
LANLLos Alamos National Laboratory (DOE)
LBALarge-scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia
LBNLLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (DOE)
LEOLow Earth Orbit (also, a satellite in LEO)
LESLarge Eddy Simulations
LIAISELand surface Interactions with the Atmosphere over the Iberian Semi-arid Environment
LHAWCRP Lighthouse Activities
LIDARLight Detection and Ranging, a remote sensing method
LISLightning Imaging Sensor
LLNLLawrence Livermore National Laboratory (DOE)
LMWGLand Model Working Group
LoCoLOcal COupled Modelling Working Group (GEWEX GLASS Panel
LPBLa Plata Basin Regional Hydroclimate Project
LS3MIPLand Surface, Snow and Soil Moisture Model Intercomparison Project
LS4PLand Surface 4 Prediction (formerly known as ILSTSS2S)
LSMLand Surface Model
LSTLand Surface Temperature
LSTMLand Surface Temperature Monitoring
LSTMLong Short-Term Memory
LUMIPLand Use Model Intercomparison Project
LULCCLand Use and Land Cover Change

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M


MACMulti-model Analysis for CEOP
MAGSMackenzie GEWEX Study
MAHASRIMonsoon Asian Hydro-Atmospheric Science Research and prediction Initiative
MCSMesoscale Convective System
MDBMurray Darling Basin Water Budget Project (pg. 12)
MERRAModern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications
METEOSATEUMETSAT geostationary platform
MFSCMarshall Space Flight Center (NASA)
MIPModel intercomparison Project
MJOMadden-Julian Oscillation
MM5NCAR/PSU Mesoscale Model Version 5
MODISEOS MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MOSAiCMultidisciplinary Drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate
MSMulti-Satellite
MSGMicrogravity Science Glovebox
MSWEPMulti-Source Weighted-Ensemble Precipitation
MTSATMulti-functional Transport Satellite
MVIRIMeteosat Visible and InfraRed Imager

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N


NAMENorth American Monsoon Experiment
NASNational Academy of Sciences
NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA
NAWPNorth American Water Program
NCARNational Center for Atmospheric Research, USA
NCDCNational Climatic Data Center, USA
NCEPNational Centers for Environmental Prediction, USA
NEENet Ecosystem Exchanges
NEESPINorthern Eurasian Earth Science Partnership Initiative
NESDISNational Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service, USA
NGONon Governmental Organization
NHMSNational Hydro-Meteorological Service
NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (agency and satellite), USA
NOAA KLMNOAA-15 (K), -16(L) and -17 (M) satellites
NPOESSNational Polar-orbiting Environmental Satellite System, USA
NRCNational Research Counsel
NSFNational Science Foundation
NWPNumerical Weather Prediction
NWSNational Weather Service, USA

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O


OLROutgoing Longwave Radiation
OOPCOcean Observations Panel for Physics and Climate
OPIOutgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) Precipitation Index
ORTANOAA Office of Research Transition and Applications
ORNLOak Ridge National Laboratory (DOE)
OSCOpen Science Conference
OzEWEXAustralian Energy and Water Exchange initiative (former GEWEX GHP Network)

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P


PALSProtocol for the Analysis of Land Surface models
PannExGHP Network for the Pannonian Basin
PBLPlanetary Boundary Layer
PDFProbability Density Function
PEHRPPPilot Evaluation of High Resolution Precipitation Products
PERSIANNPrecipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks
PILDASProject for the Intercomparison of Land Data Assimilation Systems
PMWPassive Microwave
PLUMBER2Protocol for the Analysis of Land Surface models (PALS) Model Benchmarking Evaluation Project, Phase 2
PNNLPacific Northwest National Laboratory (DOE)
PRTRMM Precipitation Radar
PSPDCPolar Satellite Precipitation Data Center
PSUPennsylvania State University
PTFPedoTransfer Functions

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Q


QBOQuasi-Biennial Oscillation

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R


RAINSSResilience, Adaptation, Information, and Social Sciences (a US Interagency Integrated Water Cycle Group (IWCG) integrative activity)
RAMIRAdiation transfer Model Intercomparison
RCDRegional Climate Downscaling
RCMRegional Climate Model
RFPWCRP Regional Focal Points
RHPRegional Hydroclimate Project
RifSWCRP’s Regional Information for Society home

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S


S-RIPSPARC Reanalysis Intercomparison Project
S2SSub seasonal to Seasonal
SACScience Advisory Committee
SAGScientific Advisory Group
SARSynthetic Aperture Radar
SATIO-TCSStratospheric And Tropospheric Influences On Tropical Convective Systems
SATREPSScience And Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable development
SCMSingle Column Model
SCOPE-CMSustained, Co-Ordinated Processing of Environmental Satellite Data for Climate Monitoring
SEVIRISpinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager
SGSatellite Gauge
SGLISecond-generation Global Imager
SMAPSoil Moisture Active Passive
SGPSouthern Great Plains
SHPSoil Hydrolic Parameter
SMCSoil Moisture Characteristic
SMOSSoil Moisture Ocean Salinity
SoilWatGEWEX Soil and Water Initiative
SP-MIPSoil Parameter Model Intercomparison Project
SPARCStratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate (WCRP Core Project)
SRBSaskatchewan River Basin
SRBSurface Radiation Budget
SRSSouthern Research Station
SSCScience Steering Committee
SSGGEWEX Scientific Steering Group
SSiRSpecial Sensor Microwave/Imager
SSM/ISpecial Sensor Microwave/Imager
SSM/ISSpecial Sensor Microwave/Imager Sounder
SSTSea Surface Temperature
SSUStratospheric Sounding Unit
STARTSysTem for Analysis, Research and Training
STCScience and Technology Corporation
STPSoil Thermal Properties
SUBTSub surface temperature

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T


TbBrightness temperature
TEAMxMulti-scale transport and exchange processes in the atmosphere over mountains – programme and experiment
THORPEXThe Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment
TIRATask Team for Intercomparison of Reanalyses
TIROSTelevision Infrared Observation Satellite
TMITRMM Microwave Imager
TOOCANTracking Of Organized Convection Algorithm through 3D segmentatioN
TOVsTelevision-Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS) Operational Vertical Sounder
TPE-WSThird Pole Environment-Water Sustainability, a Study of the Third Pole Environment
TRACETerrestrial Regional North American hydroClimate Experiment
TRMMTropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

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U


UFSUnified Forecast System
UICUser Interface Committee (Group on Earth Observations)
UKMOUnited Kingdom Meteorology Office
UNUnited Nations
UNEPUnited Nations Environmental Programme
UNESCOUnited Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCCUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
USAIDUnited States Agency for International Development
USDAUnited States Department of Agriculture
USGRCPUnited States Global Change Research Program
USGSUnited States Geological Survey
UTCCUpper Tropospheric Clouds and Convection Process Evaluation Study
UTLSUpper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere

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V


VARVariable Rain rate precipitation algorithm
VIRSTRMM Visible and InfraRed Scanner
VISVisible
VISSRVisible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer

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W


WACCEMWater Cycle and Climate Extremes Modeling
WACMOSWater Cycle Multimission Observation Strategy (ESA Programme)
WATCHEU Integrated Project on Water and Global Ch
WCRPWorld Climate Research Programme
WDACWCRP Data Advisory Council
WFDEIWATCH Forcing Data ERA-Interim
WGWorking Group
WGCMWorking Group on Coupled Modeling
WGNEWorking Group on Numerical Experimentation 
WGSIPWorking Group on Seasonal to Interannual Prediction
WMOWorld Meteorological Organization
WOAPWCRP Observation and Assimilation Panel
WWRPWorld Weather Research Program

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X


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Y


YESSYoung Earth Systems Scientists community
YHSYoung Hydrologic Society
YOTCYear Of Tropical Convection

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Z


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