GEWEX Science Questions
The GEWEX Science Questions (GSQs) address the contributions that water and energy cycle science can make to society in four major areas. They examine problems such as our understanding of precipitation variability, changing water availability, and extreme events like drought and floods. The GSQs were developed by GEWEX’s Scientific Steering Group and contribute to the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)’s Grand Challenges. By posing these questions and their related issues, GEWEX creates a framework for its current and future efforts in the next 5 to 10 years. The GSQs are outlined below; the full text can be found here.
- Observations and Predictions of Precipitation: How can we better understand and predict precipitation variability and changes?
- Global Water Resource Systems: How do changes in land surface and hydrology influence past and future changes in water availability and security?
- Changes in Extremes: How does a warming world affect climate extremes, esp. droughts, floods, and heat waves, and how do land area processes, in particular, contribute?
- Water and Energy Cycles and Processes: How can understanding of the effects and uncertainties of water and energy exchanges in the current and changing climate be improved and conveyed?